Basically there are three types of domicile, as organized under common law and statutes[i]. They are:
- domicile of origin,
- domicile of choice or necessary domicile.; and
- domicile by operation of law.
Domicile by birth is the domicile that is acquired by a child for the reason of its birth. Thus it is attributed to everyone at birth. For example, a child born in a marital relationship will take the domicile of its father, and a child born outside wedlock will take the domicile of its mother.
However, any person without a legal disability can have a domicile of choice. Domicile by choice is the domicile that is presumed or inferred by law. The law will presume a domicile of choice if there is a change of residence coupled with an intention of making the change permanent[ii].
Domicile by operation of law is the one that is imposed by law. The following are the examples of domicile by operation of law:
- When the parents of a child changes their domicile, the domicile of the child will also get changed by the operation of law; and
- When a woman is married, she acquires the domicile of her husband. However, a married woman can acquire her own domicile, independent of her husband
Domicile may also be classified as domestic domicile, foreign domicile, national domicile, state domicile, county domicile, or municipal domicile.
[i] State Election Bd. v. Bayh, 521 N.E.2d 1313 (Ind. 1988).
[ii] In re Estate Of Jones, 192 Iowa 78 (Iowa 1921).